9th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment - Regimental Flag
This color was manufactured by Horstmann Brothers, a Philadelphia military goods supplier. Since there are only 34 stars above the Federal eagle it was probably made in the first half of 1863 (before West Virginia became the 35th state). Unlike most of the state's regimental flags, the ribbon on this one was never marked with the regiment's designation. Because it is in good condition, it might have been used at the end of the war or kept in storage.
Organized the summer of 1862, the Ninth fought in the U.S.-Dakota War and garrisoned military posts in southern Minnesota. The regiment was the last to leave the field at the Battle of Guntown (Brice's Crossroads) in June 1864 and formed the rear guard for the Union army losing many men as prisoners of war. More than 80 members of the Ninth died in the infamous Andersonville Prison. At Tupelo, Mississippi (July 1864), its brigade commander, Colonel Alexander Wilkin, was killed. He was the highest ranking officer from Minnesota to die in battle. A statue honoring Wilkin was placed on the second floor of the Capitol rotunda in 1910.
At the Battle of Nashville (December 1864), the Ninth along with three other Minnesota regiments participated in the attack on Shy's Hill which helped defeat the Confederate army. The Ninth ended it military service with the Mobile Campaign (March-April 1865).