Minnesota Artists Oral History Project: Interview with Clement B. Haupers
Part 1


Part 2


Description BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION: Clement Haupers was born in St. Paul 1900. He served as Secretary Minnesota State Arts Society in 1921 before studying art in Paris 1923-1929. Haupers was Director Arts Section Minnesota State Fair 1931-1942 and Director Federal Arts Project (FAP) of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in Minnesota 1935-1941 and Assistant to the National Director of FAP 1941-1942. SUBJECTS DISCUSSED: This interview relates primarily to the inception and development of FAP and to Haupers's own involvement therein. Harry Hopkins (the head of WPA and a close advisor of President Roosevelt) was responsible for its establishment. Haupers's concept was that FAP should be used to put as many unemployed artists as possible to work providing art services of long range value to the general community. This view prevailed over the competing idea that the function of FAP was to support a smaller number of established artists by buying their works. FAP began in 1935 as a six month emergency project, but continued until World War II. Among the products of FAP artists were murals, combinations of murals with wood carvings, framed paintings for schools and municipal buildings, book illustrations and graphic teaching aids. Specific projects (e.g. at Faribault, Sebeca, Fort Snelling, Albert Lea, Eveleth, Duluth and St. Paul) are discussed as are artists who worked on them. Haupers lists as long range contributions of FAP in Minnesota and in the country at large the preservation of a generation of artists, the creation of a substantial body of public art and the development of a greater sense of art/beauty in the broader community. He also tells about opposition to FAP by various (politically conservative) patrons of the arts.
Quantity 1.5 hours sound cassette
24 pages transcript
Format Content Category: sound recordings
Content Category: text
Measurements 01:17:46 running time
Creation Interviewee: Haupers, Clement B.
Interviewer: Reid, George L.
Interviewer: Archabal, Nina Marchetti
Dates Creation: 06/27/1977
Holding Type Oral History - Interview
Identifiers OH 1
Accession Number AV1994.7.1
More Info MHS Library Catalog
Related Collections Oral History - Project, MHS Collection, project: 'Minnesota Artists Oral History Project'

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