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Minnesota Artists Oral History Project: Interview with Evelyn Raymond
BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION: Born in Duluth, of French and Canadian parentage; father built roads in northern Minnesota; three brothers and one sister; father sent to Nopeming Sanitarium for sixteen years due to tuberculosis, so mother had to care for all five children; attended Duluth Central High School and graduated in 1928; mother was Nellie Pearson; attended Minneapolis School of Art; helped found Minneapolis Art Students League; returned to Duluth for eight years when her mother became ill; worked in Minneapolis as instructor at the Walker Art School. SUBJECTS DISCUSSED: Childhood; summers camping with her family as her father built roads; sees herself as from the pioneer era; seeing people build things when she was a child and its influence on her; art classes offered at her high school; initial interest in being a sculptor; early publicity in the local paper; instructors at Minneapolis School of Art; founding of Minneapolis Art Students League with teachers whose contracts were not renewed at the School of Art; being back on the farm again; sculpting for the Works Progress Administration (WPA); teaching in the basement of the Walker Art Center; having to declare herself poor in order to work for the WPA; creating a sculpture for International Falls's stadium and the problems associated with that; starting the school within the Walker; teaching at area schools; outdoor sculpture shows at the Walker; lecturing with clay in her hands; the "Good Shepherd" model; stone carving by others since women couldn’t be part of the union; the "strength it takes to put up a big piece of sculpture on a very expensive building"; getting the money for her own school in Minneapolis; lack of travel; the Maria Sanford sculpture in the U.S. capitol; the competition to get that commission and sadness when her other sculptor friends were not chosen; dedication of the Sanford sculpture; content of her work being secondary to form; other commissions; religion in her life; portraits of Dmitri Mitropoulos and Bernie Bierman, among others; her students.
3 hours sound cassette
43 pages transcript
Content Category: sound recordings
Content Category: text
02:47:45 running time
Interviewee: Raymond, Leona Evelyn
Interviewer: O'Sullivan, Thomas
Made in: Saint Louis Park, Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States
|Holding Type||Oral History - Interview|
OH 1 (Library Call Number)
AV1997.57 (Accession Number)
MHS Library Catalog
Oral History - Project, MHS Collection, project: 'Minnesota Artists Oral History Project'