Ancker Nurses Alumni Association Oral History Project: Interview with Minna M. Freiberg
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Description BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION: Minna Moehring Freiberg was born in 1913, the third of nine children, and grew up on a farm outside of Plato, Minnesota. She graduated from high school and then from the Ancker School of Nursing, a three year nursing program in 1934. She received a Bachelor's degree from the University of Minnesota in 1950 and later a Master's degree in Administration. She was an operating room nurse from 1934-1938 at Ancker, then held the same job for two years in San Francisco and for three years in Phoenix. She then returned to Ancker Hospital, again as an operating room nurse until 1963. She taught operating room nursing beginning in 1943. After obtaining her Master's degree, she became Assistant Director of Nurses, and the following year she became Director of Nurses. While serving as Director of Nurses, in 1965, when the hospital was moved to a new building, she helped plan the new operating room. She retired in 1976. She was an active member of the Ancker Nurses Alumni Association. SUBJECTS DISCUSSED: Interest in nursing and what led her to Ancker School of Nursing, education to prepare for career, contact with other schools before choosing Ancker, schooling costs, regimentation in the school schedule. First impression of school and of hospital, preliminary period, students as workers during Depression, Samec's Confectionary, fraternization with interns. Impressions of Dr. Ancker, Dr. Carter, Delphine Hines, Miss Reynolds, Miss Graham, Miss Sands. Exploitation of students, residents, and interns, level of care provided, meals in student dining room, food from poor farm, daily schedule, responsibilities of nurses, Big Sis-Little Sis program, caps and capping ceremony, uniforms, pins, length of school year, sick days, Ancker as City-County Public hospital, lack of pay. Early blood transfusions, comfort measures, work after graduation, work as operating room supervisor, impact of sulfa drugs and penicillin, working shorter hours, obtaining graduate degree while working, changes in doctors' view of nurses, becoming teacher for school of nursing. Becoming Director of Nursing at Ancker, planning operating room for new hospital, reasons why a new hospital was needed, adjusting to the new environs, student protest activities during the 1960s, changes due to insurance, rising cost of tuition, changes in nurses' roles, advantages of four year programs over three year programs, name change for new hospital. Impacts of technology, antibiotics, endoscopic surgery, description of move to new hospital, clinicals, instructors, change from apprenticeship program to educational one, increases in nurses salaries, change in duties, more duties taken over by aides, etc., budgeting, staffing with early computer programs, reasons why Ancker School of Nursing closed.
Quantity 3 hours sound cassette
46 pages transcript
Format Content Category: sound recordings
Content Category: text
Measurements 03:03:26 running time
Creation Interviewee: Freiberg, Minna Moehring
Interviewer: Sommer, Barbara W.
Made in Marine on Saint Croix, Washington County, Minnesota, United States
Subjects Made in Marine on Saint Croix, Washington County, Minnesota, United States
Dates Creation: 08/22/2000 - 08/29/2000
(Interviews conducted 8/22/2000 and 8/29/2000.)
Holding Type Oral History - Interview
Identifiers OH 83
Accession Number AV2001.102.3
More Info MHS Library Catalog
Related Collections Oral History - Project, MHS Collection, project: 'Ancker Nurses Alumni Association Oral History Project'

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