Our Gathering Places Oral History Project: Interview with DeVaughnia Simmons
Part 1


Part 2


Description BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION: DeVaughnia Simmons moved to St. Paul in the early 1920s. Her family ran a series of businesses including a restaurant, grocery store and tavern until her father's death in the mid-1930s. During World War II, she became the first black woman to work at International Harvester, where she made machine guns. She also worked at a mattress factory for more than 30 years. SUBJECTS DISCUSSED: The Rondo neighborhood; changes because of the freeway installation; people moving out of area; specific people who lived in the neighborhood; physical changes in the neighborhood due to the freeway; the Credjafawns social club and activities for younger people; work at International Harvester during World War II; other jobs; colored people in unions; surviving the Depression; loss of community; Ringling Brothers circus; the credit union.
Quantity 1 hour sound cassette
12 pages transcript
Format Content Category: sound recordings
Content Category: text
Measurements 00:40:20 running time
Creation Interviewee: Simmons, DeVaughnia
Interviewer: Kretsedemas, Philip
Dates Creation: 05/19/1997
Holding Type Oral History - Interview
Identifiers OH 100
Accession Number AV2003.65.16
More Info MHS Library Catalog
Related Collections Oral History - Project, MHS Collection, project: 'Our Gathering Places Oral History Project'

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