Minnesota Psychiatry in the Mid-to-Late Twentieth Century Oral History Project: Interview with Burton Grimes, M.D.
Description Dr. Grimes presents a great deal of historical material in his interview. He spent the majority of his career at a state mental hospital, and was superintendent of the St. Peter State Hospital for much of that time. Despite being in a rural setting, he was active in the Minnesota Psychiatric Society, including a term as president. Dr. Grimes finished medical school in the depths of the Great Depression, and had a rather informal psychiatric residency at the Minneapolis General Hospital. After a short time in a neuro-psychiatric private practice in Minneapolis, he started at St. Peter in 1937. He gives a vivid description of a large mental hospital before the advent of effective psychiatric treatment, and notes that the hospital included a large population of tuberculosis patients. He also describes in detail how hydrotherapy was utilized. The hospital was almost a self-supporting community, and higher functioning patients often went to work in surrounding communities, especially when there was a labor shortage during World War II. Dr. Grimes describes the early use of medications, including lithium, and how the hospital population dropped from the range of 2500 to the range of 500. He comments at some length on the care of geriatric patients.
Quantity 16 pages transcript
Format Content Category: text
Creation Interviewer: Sukov, Dr. Marvin
Interviewee: Grimes, Dr. Burton P.
Dates Creation: 11/30/1978
Holding Type Oral History - Interview
Identifiers OH 124
Accession Number AV2011.14.9
Related Collections Oral History - Project, MHS Collection, project: 'Minnesota Psychiatry in the Mid-to-Late Twentieth Century Oral History Project'

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