Motivation for Joining the War

"I arrived at Redwood Agency August 13 and four days later the outbreak began in the Big Woods (or at Acton). The next morning the work began at the Lower or Redwood Agency. I am half white man and half Indian, and I learned to read and write the Sioux language at Lake Calhoun under the instruction of the Pond brothers. But I never learned to speak English and I was raised among the Indians as one of them. So when the outbreak came I went with my people against the whites. I was nineteen years old and anxious to distinguish myself in the war, but I had no wish to murder anyone in cold blood, nor did I; nobody ever accused me of such a thing. I fought the white soldiers, but not the unarmed white settlers."

Anderson, Gary Clayton and Alan R. Woolworth, eds. Through Dakota Eyes: Narrative Accounts of the Minnesota Indian War of 1862. Saint Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Society Press (1988), 94.

Memories of War U.S. Military Non-Combatants Dakota "Peace Party" Dakota Soldiers