Heard recalls how it felt to recover victims of the fighting.

"We still continued to find victims of the massacre. On the 29th [Oct., 1862] a foraging party crossed the river, and eleven miles above discovered the remains of twelve persons.... The next day they went out again, and, a short distance above the same place, found the bones of thirteen more bodies.... A flag of truce would not have saved the murderers had they made their appearance on that scene of inhuman butchery.... Henceforth, for many a year on our borders, Indian hunters will be found who will emulate those of whome the early history of our country tells, bent on war to the death with the savage foe. Men whose wives and children have been brutally murdered, and hearthstones blasted forever, will never rest till blood is answered for blood. God's fierce avengers in the future ! success to their unerring rifles."

Heard, Isaac V. D. History of the Sioux War and Massacres of 1862 and 1863. New York: Harper & Brothers (1863), 236-239.

Memories of War U.S. Military Non-Combatants Dakota "Peace Party" Dakota Soldiers