Immigration to Minnesota

As thousands of European American Minnesotans joined the army, Minnesota experienced a labor shortage. In some cases African Americans immigrated to the state from the south, some having recently escaped slavery, in order to find work. In other cases, the military recruited African Americans to serve as wagon drivers for expeditions against the Dakota. Click the links below and the items on the right-hand side to learn more about the African Americans who came to Minnesota during the Civil War.


Reverend Robert Hickman, one of the founders of Pilgrim Baptist Church in St. Paul.


Steamers Grey Eagle, Frank Steele, Jeannette Roberts and Time and Tide at the lower levee, St. Paul


Raking hay by hand.


Walking plow.

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