Due to scheduled maintenance, parts of MNHS.org will be inaccessible on Monday, November 24.
Minnesota Historical Society M-Flame Logo

Tiwakan (Gabriel Renville) recalls living in the Fort Snelling stockade.

They were then taken down on the east side of the Minnesota river, and went into camp at some distance from Fort Snelling. Shortly after this the camp was moved again, being located close to the Minnesota River. These camps were always well guarded, but in spite of that many of the horses and oxen belonging to the Indians were stolen, including three horses that belonged to myself and Charles Crawford [Gabriel’s half brother]. Then a fence was built on the south side of the fort and close to it. We all moved into this inclosure, but we were so crowded and confined that an epidemic broke out among us and children were dying day and night, among them being [Solomon] Two Stars’ oldest child, a little girl…. Amid all this sickness and these great tribulations, it seemed doubtful at night whether a person would be alive in the morning.

Source: Gary Clayton Anderson and Alan R. Woolworth, eds. Through Dakota Eyes: Narrative Accounts of the Minnesota Indian War of 1862 (Saint Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1998), 234.



War and Rememberance African Americans In Minnesota The Home Front Minnesota's Soldiers Fort Snelling's Role