James A. Wright remembers long marches with the 1st Minnesota Infantry.

It must be remembered that each soldier carried a rifle which – with bayonet, etc. – weighed about 11 pounds. Also, 100 rounds of ammunition, knapsack, haversack, canteen, coffee pot, and whatever cooking utensils he had; his blanket, tent cloth, rubber [blanket], all extra clothing, and whatever else he might have  - writing paper, envelopes, keepsakes, or a book…. The soldiers must carry all of these things for himself and make his rations last him or suffer for the want of them.

Source: Kenneth Carley, Minnesota and the Civil War (St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2000), 173.


Civil War hardtack pieces and wrapper


Civil War hardtack


US Model 1861 rifled musket


US Army knapsack


Members of the 3rd Minnesota Regiment, Company F in camp at Nashville, Tennessee


Artillery shrapnel


Francis Clalin, disguised as a man, served in the 44th Regiment, Missouri Artillery, Company I for 3 months and in the 13th Missouri Cavalry, Company A, for 19 months.


Painting "Battle of Nashville"

War and Rememberance African Americans In Minnesota The Home Front Minnesota's Soldiers Fort Snelling's Role