Bernt Olmanson records his longing to come home.

We cannot complain that the days are bad, but we are wishing for freedom. The soldier’s daily talk is home, home, and when? We have not received our pay. I have not received any since Aug. 1864. I don’t know if I will draw pay before I am discharged or not. I still live in hope that our service will not last many more months….Freedom is as dear as if we have been in slavery for three years. Many say, “All we ask are the papers. The pay we will gladly give to the government if they would just let us go.” We often hear that remark nowadays.

Source: Bernt Olmanson, Letters of Bernt Olmanson: A Union Soldier in the Civil War 1861-1865, ed. Keith Olmanson (Minneapolis, 2008), 103-104.


Company D, 1st Minnesota Regiment posed at the southeast corner of Nicollet Avenue and First Street, Minneapolis


David, Thomas and Alexander Christie


James Madison Bowler and Elizabeth Caleff Bowler


Handmade United States flag


Civil War rosette badge


Civil War Recruiting Station, Wasioja.

War and Rememberance African Americans In Minnesota The Home Front Minnesota's Soldiers Fort Snelling's Role